Some schools have large class sizes, with a low ratio of teachers to students (although COVID-19 has impacted class sizes in some districts). Some schools offer less extracurricular programming, artistic studies, and sports than others. For these reasons, it’s important to do some research in advance, because in the end, you will be the strongest advocate for your child’s successful education. In British Columbia the government pays independent schools that meet rigorous provincial standards up to 50% of the per-student operating cost of public schools. The province has a number of Sikh, Hindu, Christian, and Islamic schools.

The average monthly cost of a two-bedroom rental is just $710 CDN, or$350 per room. Every one of our International Student Program clients is paired with an Educational Counsellor who has been trained in the landscape of Canadian higher education and immigration in Canada. Sign up for the Moving2Canada newsletter to get the latest immigration news and other updates to help you succeed in Canada. For detailed information about Canadian Education Savings plans and grants, visit

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Canada’s post-secondary colleges and universities are well-respected around the world, with a few universities consistently ranking among the Top 50 worldwide (we’re looking at you, the University of Toronto, McGill, and UBC). As your child progresses through the education system, they’ll have more opportunities for choice in their classes, allowing them to pursue more courses in the subjects that interest them and that they excel at. In Canada, Grades K through 12 are typically divided up into different stages and different schools. So, your child might attend Kindergarten-Grade 5 at one school, then move to another school for Grades 6-9, then complete Grades at a third school. Depending on the province, school is mandatory from the age of five or six, up to the age of 16 or 18. 加拿大移民 in Canada graduate from high school at the age of 17 or 18.

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These figures are both above the OECD averages of 78 percent and 40 percent, respectively. However, it is true that a student with a clear idea of the study program he or she wishes to pursue may be able to make the most of all the options available for work experience and career advancement. It is recommended that a prospective international student carefully explores the various study programs available in Canada before starting an application.

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In Quebec, the elementary and secondary school system is divided into six grades, followed by five “secondary levels” (Sec I-V), which only adds up to eleven years. However, following completion of Sec V, students are given the opportunity to attend CEGEP (Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel). CEGEPs act as a hybrid of high school and college/university learning, often offering a semi-specialized curriculum based on a student’s interests or career-goals. Exceptions to the aforementioned length of study include the provinces of Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec, as well as the Northwest Territories. As opposed to the other provinces, the Kindergarten programs in the Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec consist of two years, with the first year open to students age four by 31 December. In 2016, the Government of Nova Scotia announced an expansion of its Pre-Primary program to be made available throughout the province by 2020.

Ontario provides free full-day kindergarten for all four- and five-year-olds; enrollment is not compulsory. Full-day kindergarten aims to create a foundation for schooling through a combination of play- and inquiry-based learning in the areas of problem solving, language and literacy, mathematics, and social, physical, and emotional skills. The program follows the 2016 kindergarten curriculum, which establishes pedagogical approaches and overall expectations for learning. This curriculum is aligned with the province’s early years framework, “How Does Learning Happen? Ontario’s Pedagogy for the Early Years.” The vast majority of students enroll in kindergarten in the province. In addition to the kindergarten program, Ontario school boards are required to offer supplemental before- and after-school programs from kindergarten to grade 6 if there is sufficient demand.

The pre-elementary curriculum covers subjects such as reading, math, English language , history, science, music, social studies, physical education, and art. However, generally speaking, when newcomers to Canada settles in Quebec, their children are required to attend public school in French. They may then proceed to CEGEP, a publicly-funded two-year college where students may pursue either a university preparation diploma, or a vocational diploma. In British Columbia some schools may group together the higher Elementary and lower Secondary Grades. In addition, some school districts may use just elementary (K–7) and secondary (8–12) schools.

As part of this strategy, the province also raised salaries for child care providers and provided introductory training and in-service professional learning for them. Ontario offers the Ontario Child Benefit as a supplement to the CCB, providing low- and middle-income families with a subsidy per child per year. It also offers a childcare fee subsidy, based on a family’s adjusted net income. Since 2019, the Ontario Child Care Access and Relief from Expenses tax credit has allowed low- and middle-income families to claim up to 75 percent of eligible childcare expenses.

While the period of study in Canada begins as early as four years old, the age where a child’s attendance becomes mandatory varies among the provinces and territories, ranging from ages five to seven. Children who turn five by 31 December are required to begin schooling in British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Yukon; although parents are able to apply for a deferment. In Alberta, Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec, a child is required to attend school at the age of six. Manitoba and Saskatchewan are the only provinces where the minimum compulsory attendance age is seven. Attendance in school is compulsory up to the age of 16 in all provinces except Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Ontario, where attendance is compulsory until the student turns 18, or as soon as a secondary school diploma has been achieved.

At the national level, a sample of Canadian students takes tests in reading, mathematics, and science at ages 13 and 16. The results of this test, known as the Pan-Canadian Assessment Program , are used to determine progress across the provinces every three years. The university offers full-time housing for both undergraduate and postgraduate students. Some schools have SWIS workers available to assist newcomer families and students adjust to life in Canada. SWIS workers provide information (one-on-one and in groups) about all kinds of things.

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